Mac D'oro Comercial
phone / fax: 55 18 3528.3536
The macadamia nut is originally
from Australia. The first trees were brought to Brazil in the 1930`s, but
only after the 1990`s the companies started to look up for it. This led
to the increase in farming of macadamia.
Currently, the largest producer of Macadamia is Australia, followed by
Hawaii, South África, Kenya, Guatemala, Brazil and Costa Rica.
Brazil has the adequate climate and soil conditions to become one of the
largest producers in the world. In Brazil it is being cultivated mainly
in the states of São Paulo, Espírito Santo, Bahia, Minas
Gerais and Rio de Janeiro.
To many “gourmets” macadamia is the
best nut; the most delicious, the most elegant that can be savoured. That’s
why it is considered the noblest of nuts.
The use of macadamia in the industry is very broad.
It can be used for a wide variety of purposes. Natural is excellent in
the preparation of sweet and savory dishes, enriching pie fillings, accompanying
meats, making ice-creams, etc. (Check
Recipes). In the last years, the macadamia nut has been very used
in the chocolate industry. In Brazil it is more popular when roasted and
salted as an appetizer or snack. On a smaller scale it is used in the
cosmetic industry and as edible oil.
The macadamia nut is a healthy and nutritional
food. Among its main benefits to health, we can mention how it helps to
balance cholesterol levels by reducing bad cholesterol, the LDL (low density
lipoproteins). It helps in regulating bowel movements and its oil has
rejuvenating properties. Studies conducted at the University of Hawaii
and the University of Australia have shown that macadamia reduces cholesterol,
heart attack risks and hypertension.
Currently, the Americans are the main consumers of macadamia,
responsible for consuming around 60% of the world production. Japan is
in second place, followed by some European countries such as Germany and
Macadamia cultivation lends a great hand to the
preservation of the environment due to reforestation because they are
shady trees that can grow to be 15 meters high.
There are many varieties of macadamia trees.
Some produce a lot and some produce less. There are trees that bear big
fruit, medium-sized fruit and some that bear small fruit. There are varieties
that taste good and some that taste bad. There are varieties in which
the frut ripens and falls to the ground and others in which ripe fruit
stays on the branches and must be picked.
Macadamia trees live over 100 years, and bear
fruit substantially, well into their forty years of age.
The macadamia nut has an external shell called
carpel, a second shell which is very resistant and brown in color, and
inside is the round, white-colored nut. The carpel is removed at the the
farm by machines called decarpelators. The second shell is much more resistant
and is removed only at the processing plant by special machines, leaving
the nut, which is then processed for consumption.